Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Andrew Cuomo Chooses New York State’s Ending: In Ice

Tom.jpg?resize=75%2C95Tom Shepstone
Natural Gas NOW


Andrew Cuomo bragged last week that he had banned fracking, stopped pipelines and would prevent any more gas plants, ensuring New York State will end in ice.

Some readers will recall Robert Frost’s famous “Fire and Ice” poem regarding the two possible ways the world might end. He was talking metaphorically, of course, and ice represented hate, which is why it serves so well to doubly illustrate the absurdity of his incredibly irresponsible remarks last week. He’s leading New York State to death by ice both figuratively and literally.


Note: Dual fuel facilities are primarily natural gas fueled power plants that only use oil as a backup fuel source.

Let’s start with the literal part. New York State has become a place where it is impossible to do anything energy-wise. Why? Well, because ideology and NIMBYism have been raised up as virtues, as facts and their implications are relegated to politically incorrect speech to be ignored. The oil and natural gas industry has been targeted for hate, while other energy options preached by the haters are conveniently rejected on the basis of patently ridiculous excuses, ensuring nothing happens except by extreme effort or bribery.

Yes, the very same individuals who hate natural gas and lecture us all about the need to go with “clean energy” show up at planning board meetings to oppose those projects, too. I know. I see them at the meetings. They use the same “industrialization” language, in fact. It’s not that a solar or wind farm doesn’t have environmental impacts. That’s a message we’ve delivered here numerous times. No, it’s about the deliberate failure to reckon with the facts and proceed rationally to make realistic energy choices. That’s nigh impossible in New York these days due to demagogues such as Andrew Cuomo.

Cuomo, in a grotesque episode of pandering I mentioned here Saturday, told fractivists funded by the Park Foundation and others this:

“I don’t build any fossil-fuel plants anymore, and I banned fracking, and I have the most aggressive renewable goals in the country,” he insisted, according to He also credited himself with blocking new pipelines.

He’s running against Cynthia Nixon, of course, who is even worse, and that is the explanation; he’s trying to get to her left by demonstrating he hates oil and gas more than her. But, does that make any sense, even in New York? Wouldn’t a crafty politician want to position himself as the steady hand with a grip on reality and point out the new Nixon might not be a crook but is clearly a kook? Is New York really that far gone? Is hate for oil and gas really that deep, when the conversion of New York City boilers from heavy oil to gas has literally saved hundreds of lives and the City keeps using more gas?

Andrew Cuomo is clearly running scared. Somehow, though, I suspect there’s more to it. What it is, precisely, I can’t say, but I suspect its a combination of him having sold his political soul to the NRDC gang and, conversely, not having been successful in getting graft out of the oil and gas industry (other than CPV Energy Valley, of course). Cuomo, the crime boss capo, deals out punishment to those who don’t play ball with him and keeping the NRDC gang at bay is always useful as well.


“Crime and the State” vs. “Sex and the City”

The problem for New Yorkers, though, is that Andrew Cuomo’s game is going to ensure the state ends in ice, figuratively speaking. We know this from the latest report issued by there state’s electric grid manager, the New York Independent System Operator (NYISO). Here are the fundamentals, which can be easily missed amidst the foggy bureaucratic language and attempts by NYISO to politically thread the needle:

  • “Reflecting economic and public policy investment signals, generation additions have primarily been natural gas-fueled or wind-powered. Since 2000, nearly 12,000 MW of new generating capacity came online in New York State. This additional generation represents approximately 30% of NewYork’s current generation capacity. Nearly 80% of that new generation has been developed in southern and eastern New York, where power demand is greatest.” Translation: Our generating capacity needs constant updating and new natural gas power plants the governor says he won’t approve are absolutely essential.
  • “The portion of New York’s generating capability from natural gas and dual-fuel facilities grew from 47% in 2000 to 58% in 2018. Wind power — virtually non-existent in 2000 — grew to 4.5%of New York State’s generating capability in 2018.” Translation: Don’t count on wind power; it doesn’t even amount a tenth of that generation capability added by natural gas.
  • Generators with comparatively low fuel and operating costs are usually selected in wholesale electricity markets to consistently supply power. They typically have average annual capacity factors of 70% or higher. Lower capacity factors indicate that a generator operates less frequently, such as during peak demand periods, or that its operation depends on the intermittent availability of its fuel supply, such as hydro, solar, and wind energy… The relative capacity factors of different types of generation are important considerations in planning the future fuel mix. For example, based on 2017 operating performance, it would require nearly 3.4 MW of wind capacity to produce the same amount of energy as 1.0 MW of nuclear capacity over the course of a year. Translation: Natural gas power plants provide the power when needed—on demand—and operate at capacity factors at least twice as good as wind. Only politically craven ideological idiots would choose wind over gas.
  • In August 2016, the New York State Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted a Clean Energy Standard (CES), requiring that 50% of the energy consumed in New York State be generated from renewable resources by 2030 (50-by-30 goal). Under the CES, electric utilities and others serving load in New York State are responsible for securing a defined percentage of the load they serve from eligible renewable and nuclear resources. The load serving entities will comply with the CES by either procuring qualifying credits or making alternative compliance payments. In order to achieve the 50-by-30 goal, the PSC determined that approximately 70,500 GWh of total renewable energy will need to be generated by 2030 — including approximately 29,200 GWh of new renewable energy production in addition to existing levels of production at the time the order was adopted. Translation: Almost all of our existing  renewable energy comes from hydro-electric facilities. How, in God’s name, are we going to more than double that without using natural gas as a bridge and to avoid covering upstate with highly inefficient solar and wind farms?
  • The NYISO has assessed a variety of scenarios to determine whether 2,400 MW of offshore wind production could be injected into the gridwithout thermal overloads. The NYISO’s analysis concluded that it was feasible to accommodate the injection of 2,400 MW of offshore windwithout overloading transmission lines and violating thermal reliability criteria. This assessment did not examine system upgrade costs or other interconnection costs that would likely be associated with reliably delivering new capacity on the grid. These types of issues will ultimately come to light as specific proposed projects are examined through theNYISO’s interconnection study process. Translation: Off-shore wind? Are you kidding? Is the governor out of his mind? Where are the grown-ups?

There’s much more, of course, but astute readers will have no difficulty reading between the lines. New York State, under a Governor Corruptocrat running scared of a political opponent even more unreal than himself, is headed toward a collapse of its grid capacity if it takes his policy prescriptions even slightly seriously. New York may well end in ice if the adults don’t show up soon.


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The Thrasher Group, Inc. Acquires Blue Mountain, Inc.

The Thrasher Group, Inc., an ENR 500 engineering, architecture, and field services firm.

Announced the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of Blue Mountain, Inc., a West Virginia-based survey, mapping and engineering firm. Located in Wadestown, WV (Monongalia County), Blue Mountain is a respected consultant for a variety of natural gas, mining, and governmental clients throughout the Appalachian region. They provide a full suite of geospatial services including geographic information systems (GIS), land surveying, scanning, advanced photogrammetry, LiDAR and aerial mapping for which they are a recognized industry leader. Their civil design and environmental permitting capabilities will bolster existing services provided by Thrasher as well as add new offerings such as asset management and One-Call services. “We are very excited to welcome Blue Mountain into the Thrasher family. Blue Mountain has earned a great reputation in the energy industry and their mapping services are second to none,” said The Thrasher Group CEO Chad M. Riley, PE. “We share the same entrepreneurial, innovative and hard-working culture that focuses on delivering a great client experience while providing unique career growth opportunities for our employees. Together, Thrasher and Blue Mountain will be one of the Mid-Atlantic region’s most comprehensive survey and mapping providers. Our broadened capabilities will allow us to continue to carry out our mission of improving the communities where we live and work through driving infrastructure development.” With the acquisition of Blue Mountain’s assets and the onboarding of Blue Mountain’s talented team of professionals, The Thrasher Group is one of the largest survey providers on the East Coast, employing over 200 survey professionals. “We are very excited to be able to join forces with The Thrasher Group, Inc. and allow our employees the opportunity to continue working in Wadestown,” said President of Blue Mountain, Doug Six. “We know this will be an excellent opportunity for our employees and clients. The services of BMI and Thrasher are a great compliment to one another and we look forward to a very bright future.”

About The Thrasher Group

Thrasher is an ENR Top 500 firm offering civil engineering, survey, environmental, architecture, and planning services in addition to construction inspection and materials testing services to both public and private clients throughout the Mid-Atlantic region. With this acquisition, Thrasher now has nearly 500 employees with nine offices in seven states. To learn more about Thrasher, please visit Joseph F. Barone 610.764.1232

Upstream PA Conference: The Marcellus Shale Has Been a Game-Changer for Pennsylvania

Shale Directory’s recent Upstream PA 2018 conference held in State College focused on the tremendous positive impact that the Marcellus Shale has had on Pennsylvania over the last decade and what to expect for the rest of 2018. Speakers included:

  • Pa. House Speaker Mike Turzai (R)
  • Dave Spigelmyer, Marcellus Shale Coalition
  • Stephanie Catarino-Wissman, Associated Petroleum Industries of Pennsylvania
  • Mike Killion, EQT
  • Tom Gillespie, Inflection Energy
  • George Stark, Cabot Oil and Gas
  • Rob Boulware, Seneca Resources
  • Curtis Wilkerson, Orion Strategies
  • Jude Clemente, JTC Energy Research Associates
  • Jim Willis, Marcellus Drilling News
  • Dr. Terry Engelder

The overall message was positive, with multiple speakers describing the game-changing opportunities in Pennsylvania made possible by shale. As Jude Clemente, principal of JTC Energy Research Associates and a frequent Forbes contributor, said, “Shale has changed everything.”


And indeed it has. Marcellus Shale Coalition (MSC) president David Spigelmyer explained that there have been over 10,000 unconventional wells drilled in Pennsylvania, with over 8,200 of those now in production. Those wells produced about 5.4 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of natural gas in 2017, and the Commonwealth is currently producing more than 15 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas every single day.


Marcellus Drilling News’ Jim Willis shared that Pennsylvania’s top producing counties are Susquehanna, Bradford, Washington, Greene and Lycoming, while Chesapeake Energy, Cabot Oil and Gas, Range Resources, EQT and Southwestern Energy are the Commonwealth’s top producing companies. To give perspective on just how much gas these companies are producing, Cabot’s Director of External Affairs George Stark explained that his company will increase its production from 2 Bcf per day to 3 Bcf every day when the Atlantic Sunrise pipeline comes online later this year!


That record-breaking production has resulted in major economic benefits, as Spigelmyer explained,

“This industry has created three Amazons in Pennsylvania, without one subsidy request.”

Pa. House Speaker Mike Turzai (R) explained that some of those benefits include an impact fee (a tax on wells drilled) that “no one else in the country has” that “goes back to the local communities where development is happening.” Spigelmyer explained that,

“These local impact fee revenues are game-changers for rural Pennsylvania.”

With the estimated $219.4 million impact fee disbursement that will be distributed over the summer, the shale industry will have paid over $1.5 billion in impact fees since 2011.


As the above fee distribution breakdown demonstrates, most of that money stays in the counties and municipalities where development occurs, although every county receives some portion of the fee. Impact fee money can be used for everything from infrastructure improvement to emergency services to workforce training as the following charts show:


Spigelmyer also told attendees,

“We need to be proud of the industry we represent. We’ve made game-changing achievements not only for the state, but the country.”

This sentiment was echoed by Rep. Turzai who opened his presentation with an expression of gratitude for the many companies representing all segments of the oil and gas lifecycle that were present, saying,

“You are doers. You are people who are on the front line and should be celebrated for the work you are doing in Pennsylvania.”

“The benefit to everyday Pennsylvanians, whether you’re upstream, midstream or downstream, needs to be told over and over. ”

Seneca Resources’ Rob Boulware explained that for every well drilled, his company spends about “$47 million buying goods and services from businesses in Pennsylvania.” And Stark described how Cabot has paid over $1 billion in royalties to property owners in Susquehanna County, in addition to other investments the company has made in the community.

But, as Rep. Turzai said, it’s not just upstream benefits that have been realized by the Commonwealth. New investments in the state have also occurred thanks to the abundance of natural gas and natural gas liquids in the region, such as the $6 billion Shell cracker plant that, as Rep. Turzai explained, will create roughly 6,000 jobs during construction and 600 permanent jobs. The Shale Crescent region can support five to six more of those facilities, and plans are already in the works for a second facility in Ohio. These facilities will provide a valuable feedstock for plastics manufacturing, presenting another potential economic development opportunity. As Rep. Turzai said,

“Plastics can be used in containers, diapers, crayons…why are we not talking about getting those manufacturing facilities located in southwest Pennsylvania by that cracker facility?”

The increased natural gas-fired electricity being generated in the Northeast is another notable end-use benefit of Marcellus shale development. As Willis discussed, about 21 of the total 32 gigawatts of planned new U.S. electricity generation slated for 2018 will be gas-fired, with about 43 percent of that new natural gas-fired electricity located in the Marcellus-Utica region. This continued increase in natural-gas fired electricity generation has led to the cleanest air the country has seen in decades, as Clemente discussed in his presentation.

Clemente also discussed another important benefit of the shale revolution: low-cost energy. He emphasized to attendees to “never forget how important it is to have low-cost energy,” noting that much of Europe is in a state of energy poverty, where older populations especially are at greater risk because of high energy costs. He explained,

“A pipeline build-out is coming in Appalachia. The natural gas is here, the demand is rising — we don’t have a choice. We have to produce more because electricity is such an important commodity.”

Of course, not everyone in the Northeast has made a connection between the need for low-cost energy and the pipelines needed to make it a reality. Several speakers described the high energy costs that have resulted from policy decisions and blocking important infrastructure projects in New York in particular. Willis explained that when it comes to pipelines,

“The idea behind the state issuing permits is not so they can veto a project, but to guide it. New York has taken that to an extreme.”

As Clemente explained, both New York and New England will need pipelines to meet growing natural gas demand. Clemente-DashToGas.png

Nonetheless, decision-makers in these states have bowed to “Keep It In the Ground” interests, and as Clemente said,

“The anti-pipeline movement hurts families and businesses. There are higher costs for energy where pipelines have been blocked and delayed.”


As the above chart shows, and Spigelmyer said,

“Policies that have discouraged or blocked pipeline development in the Northeast are having direct and significant impact to all levels of consumers.”

Spigelmyer further illustrated this fact by noting that New York City consumers were paying $175 per MMBtu in January at the same time Pennsylvanians were paying less than $5 per MMBtu.

At the end of the day two things were very clear: The shale revolution has had a tremendous positive impact on Pennsylvania, and this is only the beginning. As Spigelmyer explained,

“We’re still in the first inning of a nine inning game. …I think what we have here is game-changing.”

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

UPDATE: DUG Permian—Grow, Grow, Grow Your Well Performance

Growth in Midland Basin operations has been dramatic in the past year for Endeavor Energy Resources LP, a senior company executive told attendees May 22 at DUG Permian Basin. The private company operates about 329,000 net acres in the core of the basin and is running 10 rigs, compared to two a year ago, said Lance Robertson, COO and senior vice president of development. For Endeavor, Robertson said, well performance is driven by location in the basin, transition to small target windows of about 15 feet for landing zones, and higher-density completions with narrower stage spacing and more clusters per stage.

No Evidence of Methane Contamination from Recent Oil and Gas Drilling in Ohio

Tom.jpg?resize=75%2C95Tom Shepstone
Shepstone Management Company, Inc.


Whoa! Geologists at the University of Cincinnati examined drinking water in Carroll, Stark and Harrison Counties, Ohio, and found no methane contamination.

The Deer Creek Foundation is no friend of fracking. It’s part of the fractivist echo chamber, in fact. They funded a study by the University of Cincinnati in hopes the research would yield results verifying methane contamination. They wanted tout those results to continue their defense against a shale revolution delivering economic revival, energy security and environmental improvement across Ohio, Pennsylvania and the rest of our great nation. They were disappointed. The results showed no methane contamination from recent oil and gas drilling in Ohio.

One of our readers passed along those results from the University of Cincinnati study, which are offered below, as reported on the University’s website:

A study of drinking water in Appalachian Ohio found no evidence of natural gas contamination from recent oil and gas drilling.

Geologists with the University of Cincinnati examined drinking water in Carroll, Stark and Harrison counties, a rural region in northeast Ohio where many residents rely on water from private underground wells.

The time-series study was the first of its kind in Ohio to examine methane in groundwater in relation to natural gas drilling. The results were published in the journal Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.

“Some people had elevated concentrations of methane in their groundwater, but the isotopic composition showed it wasn’t from natural gas” said Amy Townsend-Small, associate professor of geology in UC’s McMicken College of Arts and Sciences.

“What we found is in most cases it was probably from underground coal in the area or biological methane produced in groundwater.”

UC researchers collected 180 groundwater samples in total at homes in the three counties. Some of the sites were sampled multiple times. In particular, researchers looked for evidence of methane, the primary compound in natural gas. They also studied changes in the acidity or pH of the water, and changes to its conductivity.

They found no increase in methane concentration or composition in groundwater over the four years of the study, despite the presence of new shale gas wells drilled in the study area. Likewise, they did not find higher methane levels in closer approximation to shale drilling.

Researchers did find wide variability in methane concentrations in the drinking water, ranging from 0.2 micrograms per liter to 25.3 milligrams per liter, which is strong enough to catch fire in enclosed spaces. But researchers found no relationship between the methane observed in drinking water and the new gas wells.

“Clearly, additional monitoring is needed to determine whether methane concentrations and source signals in this region change as the number of oil and gas wells continues to increase,” the study concluded.

Researchers identified the chemical composition of the water using gas chromatography, isotope ratio mass spectrometry, and radiocarbon dating in a UC geology lab. Understanding the chemical composition helps identify the source of methane found in drinking water: from natural gas extraction, organic decomposition or even from the digestive systems of nearby cows.

Lead author and UC graduate Claire Botner said the study solicited participation by homeowners who were willing to let researchers test their wells.

The study area has seen increasing interest from natural gas companies in recent years. It’s located above a geological feature called the Utica Shale formation, which is known to harbor oil and natural gas. When UC launched its methane study in 2012, Ohio had issued 115 drilling permits for the region. By the study’s end in 2015, nearly 1,600 permits had been issued, primarily for Carroll County.

Hydraulic fracturing is a process by which pressurized water, sand and chemicals are pumped into natural-gas wells more than a mile deep to break apart shale to release pockets of oil and natural gas.

Researchers hypothesized that methane concentrations in the drinking-water wells they sampled would increase over time with the growth of natural gas drilling in the area. This is a correlation researchers observed in Pennsylvania’s Marcellus Shale region.


This time-series map shows the Ohio counties where samples were collected for UC’s study. Red circles indicate active natural gas wells. Blue diamonds are sites where time series groundwater samples were taken. Light blue circles represent sites where a single sample of groundwater was collected. Groundwater sample locations are noted when samples were taken between the years noted in each map.

But that’s not what UC’s water tests revealed. The study concluded that methane observed in groundwater was “biogenic,” or naturally occurring and independent of natural gas drilling.

“The study researchers in Pennsylvania thought the contamination issue was a failure of the well casings in the fracking wells,” Townsend-Small said.

“Hopefully, that doesn’t happen often. And that apparently didn’t happen with the wells of homeowners we worked with for our study.”

Townsend-Small has spent much of her career researching groundwater and methane. She and other UC geologists are studying the influence of the Great Miami River on groundwater in southwest Ohio at UC’s C.V. Theis Groundwater Observatory. She also has studied atmospheric methane in relation to algae blooms in the Great Lakes and methane in arctic lakes in Alaska.

“Some people had elevated concentrations of methane in their groundwater, but the isotopic composition showed it wasn’t from natural gas. It was from a different source,” Townsend-Small said. “What we found is in most cases it was probably from underground coal in the area or biological methane produced in groundwater.”

Study co-authors included UC professor emeritus David Nash and UC assistant professor of geology Joshua Miller.

Botner said if researchers were to replicate the study, she might recommend expanding it to include other hydrocarbons such as propane or look for carbonate isotopes associated with natural gas drilling.

“It’s a controversial topic,” Botner said. “But that’s why science is so valuable. Maybe another study would confirm our findings or maybe they would find something else. Regardless, we would welcome more well testing.”

Carroll County Commissioner Robert Wirkner said the findings were good news for residents. Like many of his neighbors, he gets drinking water at his house from a private well on his property.

Wirkner said gas companies test the drinking water of nearby homes before and after they drill a well to observe any changes in water quality.

“My water has been tested multiple times,” he said. “So we’re happy to hear the findings.”

Yes, most of us are happy, indeed, except for the funders of the study, of course.  One of our loyal readers notes the following:

The study is mainly based on information gathered between 2012 and 2014 and used by a student working on her Masters Degree, Elizabeth Claire Botner.  She presented her thesis on July 19, 2015. The thesis committee are all later listed as co-authors on the published paper in Environmental Monitoring and Assessment on May 3, 2018.

So why haven’t we heard about it before this before now?  The authors gave a presentation on February 4, 2016 to one of the groups that was in the report’s acknowledgements, the Carrol Concerned Citizens, who were probably not too pleased with the results.  The CCC is an environmental group trying to protect water from the gas and coal industry in Carroll County and NE Ohio.  Many of the Powerpoint slides were from Botner’s thesis.  The presentation was taped for YouTube and the local paper was there and interviewed the presenter Dr. Amy Townsend-Small (Botner’s thesis advisor).
The funders are either moribund (Deer Creek Foundation’s URL returns a dead link) or offer no mention on their website (David and Sara Weston Foundation).  The role of the University of Cincinnati Foundation is even less clear.  Supposedly, they only arranged the funding through other foundations, but hell hath no fury like a donor scorned.

So, there you have it; it’s a beautiful thing when a fractivist initiative falls apart and helps make our case.

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Monday, May 21, 2018

Gas Industry Gives Students Hands on Access at Vehicular Career Day

Screen-Shot-2018-05-11-at-6.17.46-AM-68x85.jpgRick Hiduk
Managing Editor of


Local fifth and sixth graders were able to get up close, hands on access to trucks, rigs and equipment they may see every day at the Vehicular Career Day.

The Northern Tier Industry & Education Consortium (NTEIC) was formed about 25 years ago. Among the unique activities the organization has devised to teach youths about the businesses in the area is Vehicular Career Day, which began about 15 years ago.

The event got a big boost when the gas industry moved to town and continues to grow. More than 400 fifth and sixth-graders from at least five Susquehanna County school districts convened at the Harford Fair Grounds on May 9 to see trucks, rigs and equipment of all shapes and sizes.

“Since the gas industry came to the area, we’ve had more employers involved, and more interesting vehicles,” said Pete Butler NTEIC executive director. As production of natural gas increased, Butler related, so did the number of support industries now also represented on Vehicular Career Day. “Energy is such a big career fair, we’d be remiss not to include them.”

“Cabot looks forward to partnering in Vehicular Career Day every year,” Cabot external affairs coordinator Bill desRosiers explained. “We worked again with our partner Keane to bring out a double fluid pump. The students really enjoy climbing into the control unit, seeing all of the switches and buttons, walking around the large engines, and asking questions about how the unit is used in the field.”


Keane’s double fluid pump water compressor unit. Photo by Rick Hiduk.

Keane Group site supervisor Nicholas Machusak was on hand to answer questions of the students as they stared up at the massive water compressor. Right next to them was Southwestern Energy (SWN), describing all the gear stored on a production roustabout truck “This is our life support,” SWN’s Tucker Vail told the youths. “This carries what we need to work every day.”

SWN maintenance foreman Anthony Mouro conveyed the importance of giving students a close-up view and explanation of the vehicles and the equipment. “They see these moving down the road every day, and now they have an idea of what it does,” he stated.

“Our operations are visible across the Northern Tier, SWN director of government and community relations Mike Narcavage concurred. “To be a good neighbor, SWN believes it’s important to be active in the community and to also demonstrate the types of jobs that are available in our industry.”


SWN maintenance foreman Anthony Mouro and production roustabout Tucker Vail show Lackawanna Trail fifth-graders the tools they keep in their daily work trucks. Photo by Rick Hiduk.

“If they have a parent or family friend who works in the industry, maybe they’ll understand a little more about what they do,” Williams Midstream public outreach coordinator Tammy Bonnice added.

From a practical standpoint, Mark Kozemko of the Johnson College tells the young students that it is common for them to change their minds several times before they narrow their focus onto a particular career. In the meantime, he said, “You give them a taste of the different technologies that are out there.”

“They are never too young to learn what opportunities are available for them to experience. The children are the workforce of our future,” said Bonnice, who noted that career fairs are one of her favorite parts of her job.

“No matter what career they ultimately choose, it’s important for them to see the types of jobs that are right here in their back yard,” Narcavage remarked.

In addition to energy-related equipment brought to the fairgrounds, students had an opportunity to climb into ambulances, fire trucks, police cruisers, and tow trucks, and learn about the services offered at a senior living center and how horses can be used for therapy.

The event has gained popularity with the schools too, Butler noted. Attendance by students this year was the best yet.

“You can tell from the level of participation that students really enjoy the hands-on opportunity Vehicular Career Day affords them,” desRosiers noted. “Having this kind of exposure definitely shapes their future career interests.”


SGFS field operator Brent Reed helps Kian John of Lackawanna Trail down from the drivers seat of a water tanker after Kian had a chance to pull the horn cord. Photo by Rick Hiduk.

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